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What is Burning Neuropathic Pain?

Burning neuropathic pain is a chronic condition characterized by a painful stinging and burning sensation as a result of injury or damage to a nerve or due to malfunctioning of the nervous system. The damaged nerve releases false signals to the pain centers of the brain resulting in the pain sensation. In some cases, this condition is temporary and goes away on its own.

Causes of Burning Neuropathic Pain

Some of the most common causes of burning neuropathic pain include:

  • Diabetes
  • Peripheral artery disease
  • Amputation
  • Multiple myeloma
  • Compression in nerve and spinal cord
  • Peripheral nerve problems
  • Thyroid problems
  • Surgery of the spine
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Vitamin B deficiency
  • Alcoholism

Symptoms of Burning Neuropathic Pain

Symptoms of burning neuropathic pain vary with different individuals and include:

  • Burning sensation
  • Feeling of numbness and tingling
  • Pain from non-painful stimuli like cold, or rubbing against objects
  • Chronic abnormal or unpleasant sensation
  • Spontaneous pain that occurs for no obvious reason

Diagnosis of Burning Neuropathic Pain

To obtain an accurate diagnosis of burning neuropathic pain your doctor may perform the following:

  • Physical Examination: Your doctor will physically examine the location of pain.
  • Blood test: It may be performed to detect thyroid abnormalities and vitamin deficiency.
  • Electromyography (EMG): This test will help detect damage to the nerves.
  • MRI scan: This test uses strong magnetic waves to produces images of the brain and spinal cord.

Treatment for Burning Neuropathic Pain

Treatment options for burning neuropathic pain include:

Oral Pain Medications

  • Vitamin B supplements
  • Antidepressant drugs
  • Topical pain medications in the form of patches, ointments, and creams
  • Anti-seizure drugs that block the transmission of false signals to the brain
  • Implant devices that send electrical signals to the brain which block the abnormal pain signal transmission.

Physical Therapy Exercises

  • Acupuncture
  • Massage therapy
  • In rare cases, surgery will be carried out to release the compressed nerves.
  • The Arthroscopy Association of North America
  • The American Osteopathic Academy of Orthopedics (AOAO)
  • The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
  • American Orthopaedic Foot & Ankle Society┬«
    Orthopaedic Foot & Ankle Foundation
  • American Academy of Osteopathy
  • American Osteopathic Association